Bulging or Herniated Disc
A bulging or herniated disc injury (also called a protruding or ruptured disc) often occurs as a work-related injury. The back’s discs are under constant pressure, and when they weaken or are injured in an accident, they may bulge into the space containing the spinal cord, causing herniated disc pain. Most herniated discs happen in the lumbar (lower) spinal column.
People that sustain work-related and other herniated disk injuries may be eligible to seek compensation to pay for treatments such as chiropractors and other costs. The Las Vegas law firm of Bertoldo, Baker, Carter & Smith strives to obtain such compensation for their clients. To find out if you qualify to pursue compensation for your injuries, contact us today.
How Does a Herniated Disc Injury Occur?
The back’s discs are like rubbery cushions with a hard exterior that sits between the spinal vertebrae. If the exterior is damaged by a sudden force or by repeated wear and tear (as in a work-related injury), the jelly-like interior of the disc can leak out, irritating the nerves nearby.
A person with a herniated disk may not notice the damage, at least at first. Others will experience pain, numbness and/or weakness.
Herniated Disc Pain and Other Symptoms
Pain from a herniated disc can be debilitating. The pain and other symptoms will depend on the location of the herniated disc (i.e., at the lumbar, thoracic, cervical spine), but the most common symptoms of a herniated disc injury are:
- leg and buttocks pain
- arm and shoulder pain
- tingling or numb feeling
- a weakness of the muscles affected by the herniated disc
Herniated Disc Diagnosis
The diagnosis of a herniated disc injury can often be accomplished with only a physical exam, but if other injuries are suspected, the following tests may aid the correct diagnosis:
- X-rays —help identify other causes of the back pain
- MRI —gives 3D images
- Myelogram — a dye is injected into the spinal fluid before X-rays are taken; this can show if pressure is on the spinal cord
- Electromyogram — to see whether nerve impulses are able to travel along the spinal cord
Herniated Disc Treatments
Treatment for a herniated disc injury include:
- Pain medication, including prescription narcotics and muscle-relaxing medication
- Injections of cortisone, which suppresses inflammation
- Physical therapy
- Chiropractor services
- Electrical stimulation therapy
- Back brace
- Implantation of an artificial disc
Compensation May Be Available for Herniated Disc Injuries
If your injury was caused by an auto accident, workplace accident, fall, or any other type of accident, you may qualify to pursue compensation to pay for expensive treatments.